Tag Archive for Market Segmentation

5 tips to bring your global brand to a local audience

If your market is becoming increasingly saturated you might consider growing your business further afield. Take care though, what works in your native country might not always work in a foreign market.

Here are 5 tips to localise your global marketing campaigns.

  1. Think global – act human:
    A global company like Coca-Cola have their marketing campaigns revolve around people enjoying their products. The universal message used to frame this perceived emotion was ‘Always Coca-Cola’ which was then translated into different languages but the core message wasn’t the same. A more recent campaign was the ‘Share a Coke’ campaign which was first trialled in Australia and New Zealand in 2011 and saw a 7% increase in sales. This campaign was then subsequently rolled out globally. The message is simple and couldn’t possibly offend anyone.
  2. Research: When Proctor & Gamble first launched Pamper nappies in Japan it had a stork delivering a baby on the packaging. This packaging was effective in the U.S. but sales struggled in Japan as parents became confused by the image of the stork. It is recommended that you review your marketing collateral before launching your products in a foreign country.


  1. Streamline content:
    To ensure your brand is visually consistent globally it is worth putting effort in creating assets, campaign resources and brand guidelines that can be used everywhere.
  2. Adapt to local marketing expectations:
    Expectations will vary per culture, for instance in the U.S. delivery is a key performance indicator and they prefer their goods to be delivered quickly, whereas France is much more focused on quality and delivery isn’t as much of an issue. Highlight these aspects in your communication.
  3. Global world: With social media messages spreading across the world much quicker – your cousin in the U.S., for instance, might complain about his level of service and you maybe based in the UK and this will still pop up on your time line. Customer service should be key and a global effort.

If you are looking to launch your campaign on a global level get in touch with your Comvort local agency partner today.

Professional Guest post by OWB-UK. (Agency Comvort Member since 2009).

How to create a newsletter that is a good read

Whether it targets customers, colleagues or other interested parties: an e-mail newsletter can be an extremely effective communication tool – provided that it is opened and read.

However, for a newsletter to be opened and read, or even – in the best case – to be looked forward to instead of just flooding the inbox, there are two important basic rules:

1) You shall not bore!

2) You shall not spam!

If put into practice, this means that a newsletter is not a waste product of old, existing texts; there needs to be an editorial staff in charge! Its contents need to be tailored to its reader’s interests and the topics covered should be both, informative and entertaining for the recipient.

Effective Newsletter

To ensure that the newsletter is a success, the first step is a precise definition of the target group.

Who do I want to reach, who should be receiving information?

Who should know what about the organization, the company?

In the second step, there are two questions to be answered – which, admittedly, is not always easy:

What are the target group’s interests?

Which content will provide additional benefit to the readers?

What will entertain or amuse the target group, which contents should be included in the editorial plan?

Lastly, use a proper style of writing and an appealing and reader friendly layout (a no-go is bright font on dark background, for example), and there is your newsletter that is a good read.

P.S: Integrated links provide additional benefits. Also, readers like to be entertained – however, please do not (!) desperately try to be funny.

Dr. Annegret Haffa

Dr. Annegret Haffa









Text by Dr. Annegret Haffa. @drhaffa
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Understanding Post Purchase Behaviour Consumption

Dr. Brian Monger, CEO of MAANZ International has written an interesting article about understanding the aspects of the post purchase behaviour of consumers. Mr. Monger  shares his knowledge with us! Follow Brian on Twitter.

Consumption represents consumers’ usage of the purchased product. Although this definition is simple, understanding consumption is much more complex. Indeed, there are a number of different ways to think about consumption. Let’s start with consumption behaviour itself.

User and non-user are terms often used to distinguish between those who consume the product and those who do not. The number of people who fall into the user and non-user categories is important for businesses to know for a couple of reasons. Knowing the number of current users in a product category is one indicator of the market’s attractiveness to the firm.

An understanding of consumption behaviour requires more than simply distinguishing between those who consume and those who don’t. Indeed, consumption behaviour can be characterised along a number of important dimensions discussed below

When Does Consumption Occur?

One fundamental component of consumption behaviour is when usage occurs. In many cases, purchase and consumption go hand in hand. That is, in making the purchase, we have committed ourselves to consumption. Buying tickets for a concert or sporting event, eating at a restaurant and taking your car to the local car wash fall into this category At other times, purchases are made without knowing precisely when consumption will occur. Food items bought at the supermarket sit on a shelf or in the refrigerator until you decide to consume them.

When consumption decisions are made independently of prior purchase decisions (such as when you are choosing something from your pantry), it may be worthwhile for a firm to consider putting some of its efforts into”. encouraging consumption rather than focusing exclusively on encouraging purchase.

The time of day at which usage occurs is another component of understanding the ‘when’ of consumption behaviour. Food consumption depends very heavily on the time of day.

Knowing when consumption occurs can be especially important to marketers as different products can be used for night-time and daytime. Medications fall under this category and as well as cosmetic products such as moisturising creams.

Where does consumption occur?

In addition to ‘when’ consumption takes place, it is useful to understand ‘where’ consumption takes place. Beer sales are quite sensitive to whether consumption happens inside or outside the home. The majority of sales for domestic brews are generated by in-home consumption. In contrast, imported beers obtain the majority of their sales ‘on premise’ in bars and restaurants. Apparently, many believe that drinking imported beers projects a more favourable social image to those present during consumption.

How is the product consumed?

Different people may purchase the same product but consume it in different ways. Consider rice. Sometimes rice is used as an ingredient that is mixed with other food items (e.g. nasi goreng). Sometimes it is served by itself as a side dish. The particular brand of rice that is purchased often depends on how it will be used.

Understanding how the product is used may also lead to uncovering new business opportunities. Sometimes firms discover consumers using their products in new and innovative ways.

How much is consumed?

Although a group of consumers may share a common bond in terms of engaging in the same consumption behaviour (e.g., wine drinkers), they may differ substantially in the amount of consumption. Some may have only an occasional glass of wine; some may drink wine nearly every day but only at the dinner table; and some may drink it every day, all day long.

These differences in the amount of consumption provide one basis for segmenting the user market. This form of segmentation, called usage volume segmentation, typically divides users into one of three segments: heavy users, moderate users and light users. Heavy users are those exhibiting the highest levels of product consumption. Light users are those who consume rather small amounts of the product. Moderate users fall in between these two extremes. All else being equal, heavy users are typically a primary target market. In most cases, the profit potential gained from selling to a heavy user greatly exceeds that realised from moderate and light users.

Changing the amount of a product’s consumption is often an important business objective.

Those interested in consumer welfare often find themselves trying to change the amount of consumption. In recent years, substantial efforts have been undertaken to reduce the consumption of such things as cigarettes, illegal drugs and alcohol by underage drinkers.

How does it feel?

A critical characteristic of many consumption behaviours is the particular feelings experienced during consumption. How do you feel when you are eating your favourite lollies? The last time you visited a dentist, how did you feel? What (if any) feelings do you experience when pouring laundry detergent into the washing machine?

Feelings come in many different shapes and sizes. They can be positive (excitement, pleasure, relief, contentment); they can be negative (anger, boredom, guilt, regret). Sometimes they are overwhelming. More often they are experienced with much less intensity.

Most consumption behaviour is rather ordinary and experienced with little feeling. Pouring laundry detergent into the washing machine, taking vitamin pills and pumping petrol into a car are activities usually performed without much feeling.

Of course, even an ordinary consumption activity can evoke strong feelings when things go wrong. Negative feelings, such as disappointment and regret, perhaps even anger, may arise whenever the consumption experience fails to measure up to what was expected.

Typically, negative feelings during product usage are undesirable from both the customer’s and firm’s perspective. Although they may sometimes be an inherent part of the consumption experience (such as the nervousness and anxiety that accompanies getting a tooth removed), often they are the result of failing to deliver what the customer wants and expects. Feelings such as disappointment, regret, frustration and anger are clear indicators of a problem. Implementing corrective actions requires identifying the reasons for these negative feelings.

Depending on the nature of the consumption experience, firms may find it beneficial to position their products based on the feelings experienced during consumption. There are two basic approaches for positioning the product in terms of consumption feelings. One approach is to focus on the positive feelings that consumption provides.

Marketers use imagery to incite the desired emotional state. Many consumers feature emotional arousal as a primary benefit. Similarly, many consumers experience tremendous guilt when eating food, especially if the food is less than healthy.


The importance of Market Segmentation

The American Marketing Association defines market segmentation as the process of subdividing a large homogenous market into identifiable segments having similar needs, similar behaviours or demand characteristics. Then, every targeted segment will be reached with the right marketing strategy.

There is a market and a target market for practically everything. Very few companies are big enough to supply the needs of an entire market, but most of them appreciate the need to find out who will buy their products.

Not knowing who will buy a product or assuming that everybody will do, can lead to wrong decisions, wrong pricing, wrong messages, and subsequently the downfall of the business is likely.

In order to avoid failing in reaching the business objectives, market segmentation becomes absolutely necessary. Why? In simple terms, because the market is comprised of millions of people and organizations that are so different from each other. This diversity requires dividing the market so that a company can aim its efforts and marketing resources in the most profitable way.

There are mainly three criteria that are used to determine market segments:

  1. Homogeneity (common needs within a segment)
  2. Distinction (unique from other groups)
  3. Reaction (similar response to market)

The concepts to be measured within the criteria above can be: age, gender, education, marital status, lifestyle, income, family life cycle, social class, opinion, attitudes and beliefs, activities and interests.

In the case of B2B companies other concepts need to be acknowledged, such as: industries available, company stability, sales volume, location, and number of employees.

Once all this information has been compiled a description about potential customers can be written. It may be possible to locate them, or even to estimate how many of them there are where the business is looking for expansion. It is the moment to let prospective customers know that you exist.

Therefore, it is vital that companies and organizations carry out good Market Segmentation. In this way they will enjoy the benefits from showing consistency with their marketing strategy, and –more importantly– become more competitive with their target audience.

Please see the following presentation by Learn Marketing.net for basic introduction.